There can be varying definitions for poverty depending on the views of the individual or organization and the context in which the term is being used. According to the United Nations, the criteria for poverty include the lack of opportunities and available choices, powerlessness, an inability to effectively participate in society and a violation of human dignity. The World Bank views poverty as deprivation in well-being and the inability to obtain the services and goods that are required to survive with dignity.
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About: Researchers evaluated an innovative program that focused improving the classroom effectiveness of teachers in service. In 2014, the state of Ceara in northeast Brazi state Ceará implemented a two-part strategy to improve teachers’ effectiveness: i) providing schools with an information “shock” (benchmarked feedback on their teachers' classroom practice) and ii) access to expert coaching aimed at increasing professional interaction among teachers in the same school.
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Prof Lucinda Platt, director of the millennium cohort study, said: "This rigorous study of the impact of poverty on children's cognitive development is a significant contribution to our understanding in this area. In demonstrating the importance of early and enduring low income for children's subsequent cognitive development, it provides fresh impetus to efforts to tackle child poverty."