Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

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These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practice them. Try using two or three different patterns for your introductory paragraph and see which introductory paragraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductory paragraph should also include a thesis statement to let your reader know what your topic is and what you are going to say about that topic.

Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).


A book with one author

Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton:

    Princeton UP, 1957.



A book with more than one author

Gesell, Arnold, and Frances L. Ing. Child Development: An

    Introduction to the Study of Human Growth. New York:

    Macmillan, 1960.

Note: If there are four or more authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase "et al." (which means "et alli," Latin for "and others") in place of the other authors' names, or you may list all the authors in the order in which their names appear on the title page.



A book with no author named

Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Crown, 1984.



An anthology or collection

Rueschemeyer, Marilyn, ed. Women in the Politics of Postcommunist

    Eastern Europe. Armonk: Sharpe 1994.



An essay in a collection

Krutch, Joseph Wood. "What the Year 2000 Won't Be Like."

    Finding a Voice. Ed. Jim W. Corder. Glenview: Scott

    Foresman, 1973. 21-36.



An article from a reference book

"Mandarin." Encyclopedia Americana. 1980 ed.



An essay in a journal with continuous pagination

Flanigan, Beverly Olson. "Peer Tutoring and Second Language

    Acquisition in the Elementary School." Applied

    Linguistics 12 (1991): 141-58.



An essay in a journal that pages each issue separately

Barthelme, Frederick. "Architecture." Kansas Quarterly -4

    (1981): 77-80.



A magazine or newspaper article

Nimmons, David. "Sex and the Brain." Discover Mar. 1994: 26-27.



A government publication

United States Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics. Dictionary of

    Occupational Titles. 4th ed. Washington: GPO, 1977.



A webpage

Daly, Bill. Writing Argumentative Essays. 1997. 26 Jun. 1998

    <http:///~dalbj/argueweb/>



An online journal article

Inada, Kenneth. "A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human

    Rights." Journal of Buddhist Ethics 2 (1995): 9 pars.

    26 Jun. 1998 <http:///>.



An interview that you conducted

Lesh, Philip. Personal Interview. 12 Nov. 1996.



A television or radio program

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. 19

    Jul. 1998.



An advertisement

Acura. Advertisement. Rolling Stone 16 May 1996: 8-9.


McDonald's. Advertisement. CNN. 4 May 1998.



Information on CD-ROM

The CIA World Factbook. CD-ROM. Minneapolis: Quanta, 1992.



An article in a reference database

"Fresco." Britannica Online. Vers. Mar. 1997. Encyclopedia

    Britannica. 29 Mar. 1997 <http:///180>.



An article in NewsBank

Derks, Sarah A. "Binge Drinking and College: New Pressures for

    an Old Mixer." Commercial Appeal 8 Dec. 1997: A1.

    NewsBank NewsFile Collection, Vers.



An article in Ethnic NewsWatch

Reed, William. "Whites and the Entertainment Industry."

    Tennessee Tribune 25 Dec. 1996: 28. Ethnic

    NewsWatch, .



An article in Broadcast News

"Condom Distribution Does Not Increase Sexual Activity."

    Newsnight. CNN. 1 Oct. 1997. Broadcast News,

    trans. 950172877.

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proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay


A book with one author

Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton:

    Princeton UP, 1957.



A book with more than one author

Gesell, Arnold, and Frances L. Ing. Child Development: An

    Introduction to the Study of Human Growth. New York:

    Macmillan, 1960.

Note: If there are four or more authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase "et al." (which means "et alli," Latin for "and others") in place of the other authors' names, or you may list all the authors in the order in which their names appear on the title page.



A book with no author named

Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Crown, 1984.



An anthology or collection

Rueschemeyer, Marilyn, ed. Women in the Politics of Postcommunist

    Eastern Europe. Armonk: Sharpe 1994.



An essay in a collection

Krutch, Joseph Wood. "What the Year 2000 Won't Be Like."

    Finding a Voice. Ed. Jim W. Corder. Glenview: Scott

    Foresman, 1973. 21-36.



An article from a reference book

"Mandarin." Encyclopedia Americana. 1980 ed.



An essay in a journal with continuous pagination

Flanigan, Beverly Olson. "Peer Tutoring and Second Language

    Acquisition in the Elementary School." Applied

    Linguistics 12 (1991): 141-58.



An essay in a journal that pages each issue separately

Barthelme, Frederick. "Architecture." Kansas Quarterly -4

    (1981): 77-80.



A magazine or newspaper article

Nimmons, David. "Sex and the Brain." Discover Mar. 1994: 26-27.



A government publication

United States Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics. Dictionary of

    Occupational Titles. 4th ed. Washington: GPO, 1977.



A webpage

Daly, Bill. Writing Argumentative Essays. 1997. 26 Jun. 1998

    <http:///~dalbj/argueweb/>



An online journal article

Inada, Kenneth. "A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human

    Rights." Journal of Buddhist Ethics 2 (1995): 9 pars.

    26 Jun. 1998 <http:///>.



An interview that you conducted

Lesh, Philip. Personal Interview. 12 Nov. 1996.



A television or radio program

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. 19

    Jul. 1998.



An advertisement

Acura. Advertisement. Rolling Stone 16 May 1996: 8-9.


McDonald's. Advertisement. CNN. 4 May 1998.



Information on CD-ROM

The CIA World Factbook. CD-ROM. Minneapolis: Quanta, 1992.



An article in a reference database

"Fresco." Britannica Online. Vers. . Mar. 1997. Encyclopedia

    Britannica. 29 Mar. 1997 <http:///180>.



An article in NewsBank

Derks, Sarah A. "Binge Drinking and College: New Pressures for

    an Old Mixer." Commercial Appeal 8 Dec. 1997: A1.

    NewsBank NewsFile Collection, Vers. .



An article in Ethnic NewsWatch

Reed, William. "Whites and the Entertainment Industry."

    Tennessee Tribune 25 Dec. 1996: 28. Ethnic

    NewsWatch, .



An article in Broadcast News

"Condom Distribution Does Not Increase Sexual Activity."

    Newsnight. CNN. 1 Oct. 1997. Broadcast News,

    trans. 950172877.

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay
Proper way to reference a book title in an essay


A book with one author

Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton:

    Princeton UP, 1957.



A book with more than one author

Gesell, Arnold, and Frances L. Ing. Child Development: An

    Introduction to the Study of Human Growth. New York:

    Macmillan, 1960.

Note: If there are four or more authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase "et al." (which means "et alli," Latin for "and others") in place of the other authors' names, or you may list all the authors in the order in which their names appear on the title page.



A book with no author named

Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Crown, 1984.



An anthology or collection

Rueschemeyer, Marilyn, ed. Women in the Politics of Postcommunist

    Eastern Europe. Armonk: Sharpe 1994.



An essay in a collection

Krutch, Joseph Wood. "What the Year 2000 Won't Be Like."

    Finding a Voice. Ed. Jim W. Corder. Glenview: Scott

    Foresman, 1973. 21-36.



An article from a reference book

"Mandarin." Encyclopedia Americana. 1980 ed.



An essay in a journal with continuous pagination

Flanigan, Beverly Olson. "Peer Tutoring and Second Language

    Acquisition in the Elementary School." Applied

    Linguistics 12 (1991): 141-58.



An essay in a journal that pages each issue separately

Barthelme, Frederick. "Architecture." Kansas Quarterly -4

    (1981): 77-80.



A magazine or newspaper article

Nimmons, David. "Sex and the Brain." Discover Mar. 1994: 26-27.



A government publication

United States Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics. Dictionary of

    Occupational Titles. 4th ed. Washington: GPO, 1977.



A webpage

Daly, Bill. Writing Argumentative Essays. 1997. 26 Jun. 1998

    <http:///~dalbj/argueweb/>



An online journal article

Inada, Kenneth. "A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human

    Rights." Journal of Buddhist Ethics 2 (1995): 9 pars.

    26 Jun. 1998 <http:///>.



An interview that you conducted

Lesh, Philip. Personal Interview. 12 Nov. 1996.



A television or radio program

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. 19

    Jul. 1998.



An advertisement

Acura. Advertisement. Rolling Stone 16 May 1996: 8-9.


McDonald's. Advertisement. CNN. 4 May 1998.



Information on CD-ROM

The CIA World Factbook. CD-ROM. Minneapolis: Quanta, 1992.



An article in a reference database

"Fresco." Britannica Online. Vers. . Mar. 1997. Encyclopedia

    Britannica. 29 Mar. 1997 <http:///180>.



An article in NewsBank

Derks, Sarah A. "Binge Drinking and College: New Pressures for

    an Old Mixer." Commercial Appeal 8 Dec. 1997: A1.

    NewsBank NewsFile Collection, Vers. .



An article in Ethnic NewsWatch

Reed, William. "Whites and the Entertainment Industry."

    Tennessee Tribune 25 Dec. 1996: 28. Ethnic

    NewsWatch, .



An article in Broadcast News

"Condom Distribution Does Not Increase Sexual Activity."

    Newsnight. CNN. 1 Oct. 1997. Broadcast News,

    trans. 950172877.

Action Action

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practice them. Try using two or three different patterns for your introductory paragraph and see which introductory paragraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductory paragraph should also include a thesis statement to let your reader know what your topic is and what you are going to say about that topic.

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).

Action Action

proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

Action Action

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Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

In order to continue using your account, you have to agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. You must agree to the changes in order to access your account, and all the work associated with it. If you do not agree to these changes, you will be logged out and your account will be deactivated. Some pro accounts may receive partial refunds - please visit to start a refund ticket.

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Proper way to reference a book title in an essay

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