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Each branch is restrained by the other two in several ways. For example, the president may veto a law passed by Congress. Congress can override that veto with a vote of two-thirds of both houses. Another example is that the Supreme Court may check Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional. The power is balanced by the fact that members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president. Those appointments have to be approved by Congress.
The principle of separation of powers states that the executive, legislative, and judiciary powers of government should be divided into different branches ...
There are thousands of examples of checks and balances at work. As we continue this year we will examine these and many more.